Nepal is an earthquake and disaster prone country. Landslides, epidemics, fire hazards triggered by earthquake causes considerable losses of human lives and property. The main reason behind the earthquake in Nepal is the Indian plate colliding with the Eurasian plate. The movement is continuously occurring at the rate of 4-5 cm per year and the only way to release this energy is through the earthquakes. The upward climb of Everest and its sister mountains is accompanied by numerous tremors. Moreover, the remnants of a prehistoric lake, a 300 meter-deep layer of black clay, lies underneath the Kathmandu Valley. This augments the damage caused by severe earthquakes.
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